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EDDP Seminar on DAC: Follow Exclusive Information from the Webinar

EDDP Seminar on DAC: Follow Exclusive Information from the Webinar
photo: Archiv/EDDP Seminar on DAC: Follow Exclusive Information from the Webinar
01 / 12 / 2022

Today, the EDDP (European DAC Delivery Programm) team held a webinar on benefit-cost analysis or CBA. The DAC benefit-cost analysis has not been finalized to date and will be progressively updated. It is working with disjointed and fragmented information in the complexity of the whole project. While there are ideas on the direct and indirect cost side about specific cost items, there are uncertainties on the economic benefits side. Therefore, estimates are being worked with, even in the basic benefits represented by the increase in capacity and speed of operability of rail freight transport. It is not clear how many wagons will have to be scrapped and the distribution of the DAC transition process by wagon type is unknown. The structure of the fleet that will be able to be retrofitted is not known, nor is it known how many and which wagons will have to be scrapped.

The EDDP team will update the CBA periodically, with the next update and webinar to take place in January 2023. In addition to the uncertainties on the benefits and scenarios of the DAC transition, which will result in different costs for carriers, the EDDP CBA is problematic in that it takes a uniform approach to the topic across Europe. It is clear that DAC will affect different carriers, different fleets, and their age and the operating economics of each carrier in diametrically different ways. As soon as the outlines of the DAC scenarios and their technical implementation become clearer in the future, CBA will have to take place at the level of individual carriers. This has not happened yet, except for Deutsche Bahn Cargo. There is also no reliable data on the composition of the fleet in Europe, which numbers an estimated 500,000 wagons. The basis for the existing attempt at CBA is data from within the Deutsche Bahn group, partly ÖBB, and EDDP uses the Swiss experience with DAC to determine costs, where it is being introduced from 2019.

For the Central and Eastern European carriers, the cost of DAC is estimated at €5,000 per unit, double for each car and locomotive. The cost of coupler installation will vary according to the design of the car or locomotive. For new vehicles, an additional cost for the DAC (compared to the cost of acquiring wagons and locomotives equipped with screw couplers) of €3 500/ wagon and €8 000/ locomotive is foreseen. It is also estimated that the complication of managing wagons not equipped with DAC will require an additional cost of €5 000/vehicle. This includes their limited availability on the rail network.

Table of costs for DAC digital and communication infrastructure here:

Communication component costs


Wagon communication unit incl. power management and battery


2nd wagon communication unit (redundant)


Cloud communication unit


Apps management unit (calculation power for all use cases)


2nd apps management unit (calculation power for all use cases), redundant


Retrofit costs




Other Cost


Automated venting device


Automated venting device-retrofit costs


Automatic braking test device


Automatic braking test device-retrofit costs


Automatic uncoupling (type 5) actuator (per wagon)


Automatic uncoupling (type 5) actuator-retrofit costs (per wagon)


Automated parking brake systém


Automated parking brake system-retrofit costs


Train integrity function & train composition determination


Train integrity function & train composition determination-retrofit costs


Wagon telematics


Wagon telematics-retrofit costs


Video gate – counts


Video gate – cost

150 000